I have wrote many scripts to automate the work in macOS. This one is the most freqently used one. The script can capture the current selection in frontend most app in OmniFocus, and I can jump back to the app using URL.

Vcpkg is a tool published by Microsoft, which is used to manage C/C++ libraries in Windows. It makes libraries installation easier, and it works well with CMake.

But it is not straitforward to staticly link the depdendent libraries using vcpkg.

Concourse CI is an awesome open source continuous integration tool. If you are not using Gitlab, and want to setup a CI server, it is a good choice.

Concourse CI provides Docker image and docker compose sample config. But when I run the hello world example, I have met several problems.

Sometimes I want to install some apps, but the site is blocked by GFW. I only have a Shadowsocks server, so I made some research how to setup up an HTTP and HTTPS proxy using Shadowsocks server.

The solution is using Shadowsocks client, which will establish a socket proxy, then convert the socket proxy to HTTP/HTTPS proxy using polipo.

Ansible uses YAML to define tasks, playbooks and handlers. If the files follow some conventions, it is easy to index them using Exuberant Ctags.

It is a headache to find an available keyboard shortcuts in Mac OS X. I used Option + Letter and Shift + Option + Letter before, since they are preserved for inputting special characters. It has some problems:

  • Emacs and terminal require a modifier for Meta. I choosed Command. It means if I want to use application shortcut with Command in these applications, such as Command+Q to quit the application, I have to use the right one.
  • I always forget the shortcuts. Although I have listed them in a sheet, it is a pain to keep it synchronized with the shortcuts defined every where.

I switched to a new solution using keystroke sequence shortcuts recently. All my global shortcuts start with Command+M (⌘M). A menu is displayed when I typed prefix. If I forget the shortcut, I just need to glance through the menu.

Auto Toggle MacBook Internal Keyboard

I prefer using external keyboard with my MacBook. When no external monitors are used, a typical setup is placing the keyboard above the internal one, so I can still use the internal touchpad.

But sometimes the external keyboard may press some keys of the internal keyboard. There is a solution to disable the internal keyboard, but it is tedious to run the command manually.

# Disable, ignore the warning
sudo kextunload /System/Library/Extensions/AppleUSBTopCase.kext/Contents/PlugIns/AppleUSBTCKeyboard.kext/
# Enable
sudo kextload /System/Library/Extensions/AppleUSBTopCase.kext/Contents/PlugIns/AppleUSBTCKeyboard.kext/

Fortunately, Keyboard Maestro supports executing scripts when a USB device is attached or detached.

ActiveRecord has two query methods to eager load associations, includes and preload. Although the documentation of preload says

Allows preloading of args, in the same way that includes does.

Indeed the two methods have some differences.

In simple words, prefer includes to eager load associations. Use preload only when

  • you want to customize select columns, or
  • you meet error “Can not eagerly load the polymorphic association”.

ActiveRecord has two methods to remove duplicates. Method uniq and option distinct: true in method count. I thought uniq.count and count(distinct: true) were identical. Indeed, uniq.count still counts duplicates, and count(distinct: true) must be used here.

In simple words, use uniq to get unique result set, use count(distinct: true) to count unique result.

SVG can use percentage as unit, but it is often more convenient to use px as unit. Framework such as d3 also uses px internally. However, it is still easy to scale an SVG using attributes viewBox and preserveAspectRatio even px is used as unit internally.